Open Accessibility Menu
Hide

Peripheral Artery & Vascular Disease

High-Quality Treatments for Vascular Disease in Meridian

At Anderson Regional Medical Center, board-certified vascular surgeons work with a dedicated team of nurses and technologists specializing in vascular disease to bring you innovative surgical and noninvasive treatments.

Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is the narrowing of blood vessels going to and from the leg and arm muscles, depriving the tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common form of PVD affecting the arteries carrying oxygenated blood from the heart. Complications of both PVD and PAD include poor wound healing, restricted mobility, limb pain, stroke, heart attack and loss of limb.

Complications of Peripheral Vascular Disease and Peripheral Artery Disease

Left untreated, peripheral vascular disease can lead to loss of limb and other complications, including death. Appropriate treatment of peripheral artery or vascular disease is necessary to control the symptoms, such as pain or swelling, and to halt the disease’s progression.

Our physicians provide surgical and nonsurgical care for diseases of the veins, lymphatic vessels and arteries. At Anderson, you can take advantage of a full range of services (including minimally invasive techniques, when appropriate) if you suffer from:

  • Claudication (pain when walking due to arterial blockage)
  • Leg ulcers related to poor circulation
  • Carotid artery disease that could lead to stroke
  • Aortic aneurysm and other arterial aneurysms
  • Varicose veins and other vein disease, including blood clots
  • Leg swelling due to venous and lymphatic disease
  • Kidney failure requiring hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
  • Any condition requiring noninvasive vascular testing

Diagnosing Peripheral Vascular Disease

If you notice long-term changes in your skin temperature or color on your extremities, non-healing wounds, numbness or burning in your legs or toes, restricted mobility or severe pain, make an appointment with your doctor for a thorough examination. Diagnosis of peripheral vascular disease may involve:

  • Angiogram — an X-ray of the arteries and veins using contrast dye detects blockage or narrowing of the vessels.
  • Blood lipid profile — a blood test measures total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides.
  • Doppler ultrasound imaging studies — high-frequency sound waves and a computer create images of blood vessels, tissues and organs.
  • Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) — similar to an MRI, this noninvasive procedure uses a combination of a large magnet, radiofrequencies and a computer to produce detailed images and assess blood flow.
  • Treadmill walking test — an exam in which the patient walks slowly on a treadmill to try to mimic the effect of activity on the leg arteries.
  • Segmental blood pressure measurements — a comparison of blood pressure using a Doppler device in the upper thigh, above and below the knee, at the ankle and on the arm to determine any constriction in blood flow.

Surgical and Non-Invasive Treatments of Vascular Disease

Your Anderson vascular team will assess your current condition and determine the best course of treatment, which may include:

  • Lifestyle modifications, such as regular exercise, proper nutrition and smoking cessation to help minimize your risk.
  • Aggressive treatment of existing conditions that may aggravate PVD such as diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia or elevated blood cholesterol.
  • Medications for improving blood flow, such as antiplatelet agents (blood thinners) and medications that relax the blood vessel walls.
  • Angioplasty – a catheter or long hollow tube creates a larger opening in an artery to increase blood flow. There are several types of angioplasty procedures, including:
    • Balloon angioplasty (a small balloon is inflated inside the blocked artery to open the blocked area).
    • Atherectomy (the blocked area inside the artery is "shaved" away by a tiny device on the end of a catheter).
    • Stenting – a tiny coil is expanded and left inside the artery to open the blocked area.
    • Vascular surgery – a blood vessel from another part of the body or a tube made of synthetic material is placed in the area of the blocked or narrowed artery to reroute the blood flow (bypass).

With both angioplasty and vascular surgery, the surgeon may perform an angiogram prior to the procedure to determine the exact location of the blockage.

The Anderson Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation program offers peripheral artery disease rehabilitation.

Media

Peripheral Artery Disease

Dr. Scott Joransen discusses the disease and gives more information on treatment options.

Related Providers